Minorca is the eastern most island of the Balearic Islands. The island is 702 square kilometres in size with a coastline of 216 kilometres. The maximum distance between any two points on the island is 47 kilometres, between Ciutadella and Maó.
Minorca has an overall population of 67,000, concentrated in the eight towns on the island: Maó, Ciutadella, Alaior, Ferreries, Es Mercadal, Es Castell, Sant Lluís and Es Migjorn Gran.
There are also three other villages, Sant Climent, Llucmaçanes and Fornells; the latter two are within the town limits of Maó and the former in Es Mercadal.
The island is made up of two very different regions. The northern part with its rugged and uneven coastline, sparse vegetation and very uneven, with numerous islets and reddish dark sandy beaches; and the south, formed from calcareous rock and full of smooth cut crags, ravines sculptured by the water, and white sandy coves surrounded by pine trees.
The highest point on the island is the Mountain del Toro, with 357 metres.
The climate on the islandisland’s climate is typically Mediterranean, and is famous for its mild temperatures. and theThe annual mean temperature is between 16º and 17º centigrade. In summer the average temperature is 24º and in winter 11º. The climate could be classified as “moderate'', and the cool northern breeze, known as tramuntanacross-mountain northerly wind, are characteristic of thethe minorcan landscape.Minorcan autumn, is the period registers of maximum annual rainfall. In spring and summer rainfall there is very little rainfall.
The principal natural trait of Minorca is the environmental diversity to be found in the onlyits 700 square kilometres of extension. It is therefore possible to find an example of almost all the habitats common to the Mediterranean, all on the island. The most commonnplace habitats are ravines, caves, and wetland areas made up of reservoirs, lagoons and tidal marshes, the systems of dunes, the coastline and islets.
The UNESCO declared Minorca a Biosphere Reserve in 1993 and in the region; human activity is carried out in such a way as to be compatible with the preservation of natural resources with the aimso as to guarantee its conservation for future generations of islanders dwellers and visitors.